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Ma. Aleta Canieso Nunez
First Semester, SY 2010-2011
University of Saint LaSalle, College of Law
Juris Doctor



I.                    INTRODUCTION TO THE CIVIL CODE
A.       Effect and application of laws. (Art. 15 and 17) (1-18 CC)

B.      Human Relations. (Art. 19, 20, 21 and 26)

II.                  PERSONS
A.       Civil Personality
i.                     Civil Personality
1.       General Provisions (Art. 37, CC)
a.       Juridical capacity
b.      Capacity to act
bi.  Restrictions on capacity to act (Art. 38)
bii. Circumstances modifying capacity to act (Art. 39)
2.       Natural Persons
a.       Commencement of civil personality (Art. 40, CC)
b.      Extinguishment of civil personality (Art. 42, CC)
Survivorship (Art.43, CC)
3.       Juridical Persons
a.       Enumeration (Art. 44, CC)
b.      Governing laws (Art. 45, 47, CC)
c.       Rights and obligations (Art. 46, CC)
ii.                   Citizenship and Domicile

III.                THE CONSTITUTION AND THE  REGULATION OF FAMILY RELATIONS
A.      The Family (Art. 15, 1987 Constitution)

B.      Policy of protection and government support to family.  (Art. 2 Sec. 12, 1987 Constitution)

C.      Equal Protection. (Art. 2, Sec. 14: Article 2, Section 1, 1987 Constitution)

IV.               MARRIAGE
A.      Definition and Nature of Marriage (Art. 1, Family Code)
Breach of Promise to Marry (Arts. 19-21. 2176, CC)
                Tanjanco vs. CA, 18 SCRA 994
                De Jesus vs. Syquia, 58 Phil 866
                Gashem Shookat Baksh vs. CA, 219 SCRA 115
                Constantino vs. Mendez, 209 SCRA 18
                In Re Santiago, 70 Phil 66
                Selanova vs. Mendoza, 64 SCRA 69

B.      Requisites of Marriage. 
a.       Essential (Art. 2)
i.                     Legal capacity: male and female
1.       Persons who may contract marriage (Art. 5, 21)
2.       Impediments to contracting marriage (Art. 37, 38)
ii.                   Consent freely given
Case: People vs. Santiago, 61 Phil. 68
b.      Formal (Art. 3)
i.                     Authority of solemnizing officer (Art. 7, 10, 31, 32, 35 (2)
ii.                   License
1.       General rule: required
a.       Issuance (Art. 9, 24)
b.      Marriages between Filipino citizens abroad (Art. 10)
c.       Contents of application (Art.11)
d.      Documents required for issuance (Art.12)
e.      Additional requirement if party previously married (Art. 13)
f.        Parental consent (Art. 14, 16)
g.       Parental advice (Art. 15, 16)
h.      Publication (Art. 17)
i.         In case of alleged impediment (Art. 18)
j.        Fees (Art.19)
k.       Validity (Art.20)
l.         Certificate of capacity (Art. 21)
2.       Marriages exempt from license requirement
a.       In articulo mortis (Art. 27, 29, 30, 31, 32)
b.      Remote locations (Art.28, 29, 30)
c.       Among ethnic groups (Art.33)
d.      Cohabitation for 5 years (Art.34)
iii.                  Ceremony
1.       Form (Art.6)
Note:  Marriage certificate (Art. 22, 23)
2.       Venue (Art. 8)
Cases: Martinez v. Tan, 12 Phil 731
Madrilejo v. De Leon, 55 Phil 1

C.      Effect of non-compliance with requisites.  (Art. 4, Family Code)
a.       Absence of  an essential requisite: void
b.      Absence of a formal requisite: void
Exception: good faith (Art. 35.2)
c.       Defect in an essential requisite: voidable (Art.45)
d.      Irregularity in a formal requisite:
Liablibility of person responsible for irregularity (Sec. 38, Act No. 3613)

D.      Presumption of Marriage. (Art. 220, CC; Sec. 3 (aa), Rule 131, ROC)

E.       Marriage solemnized outside the Philippines. (Art. 26)
a.        General rule: lex loci celebrationis
b.      Exceptions: Minority, bigamy/polygamy, mistake of identity, psychological incapacity, incest, public policy, same sex

F.       Divorce of a Filipino by an alien spouse.  (Art. 26)

V.      VOID AND VOIDABLE MARRIAGES
A.       Void marriages
a.       Grounds
                                                                     i.            Minority (Art.35.1)
                                                                   ii.            No authority of solemnizing officer (Art.35.2)
Exception:  good faith of one party
                                                                  iii.            No license (Art. 35.3)
Exception: marriages exempt from license requirement (Art. 27-34)
Cases: Republic vs. CA, 236 SCRA 257
Ninal Bayadog, supra
                                                                 iv.            Bigamous/polygamous (Art.35.4)
Exception: absence of prior spouse (Art.41)
Case: Republic vs. CA, supra
                                                                   v.            Mistake of identity (Art. 35.5)
                                                                 vi.            Non-compliance with recording requirements ( Art. 35.6, 40,52, 53)
                                                                vii.            Psychological incapacity (Art.36)
                                                              viii.            Incest (Art. 37)
                                                                 ix.            Public policy (Art. 38)
                                                                   x.            Catch-all: absence of any essential or formal requisite (Art.4)
b.      Prescriptive period of action/defense for declaration of absolute nullity
(Art. 39 as amended by E.O 227 and by RA 8533)
c.       Judicial declaration of nullity (Art. 40)
d.      Bigamous marriage when prior spouse has been absent (Art.41)
                                                                     i.            General rule on bigamous marriages (Art. 35.4)
                                                                   ii.            Waiting period
                                                                  iii.            Waiting period under extraordinary circumstances (Art. 391, CC)
                                                                 iv.            Declaration of presumptive death
                                                                   v.            Reappearance of prior spouse (Art. 42)
                                                                 vi.            Effect of termination of subsequent marriage (Art. 43)
                                                                vii.            Effect if both spouses of subsequent marriage in bad faith (Art.44)
Case: Nicdao Carino vs. Yee Carino, supra
Mercado vs. Mercado, supra

B.      Voidable marriages
a.       Grounds
i.                     No parental consent where required (Art. 45.1)
ii.                   Unsound mind (Art.45.2)
iii.                  Fraud (Art.45.3)
iv.                 Force, intimidation, undue influence (Art. 45.4)
v.                   Impotence (Art. 45.5)
                 Cases: Jimenez vs. Canizares
                                Menciano vs. San Jose
vi.                 Serious incurable sexually transmissible disease (Art.45.6)
vii.                Catch-all: Defect in any essential requisite (Art.4)
Ruiz vs. Atienza 40 O.G. 1903
b.      Persons entitled to file action for annulment (Art. 47)
c.       Prescriptive periods (Art. 47)
d.      Ratification (Art. 45.1, 45.2, 45.3)

C.      Common provisions:  Effects
a.       Safeguards against collusion (Art. 48)
b.      Support and custody during pendency of action (Art.49)
c.       Application of Arts. 43.2, 43.3, 43.4, 43.5 and Art. 44 to marriages declared void ab ignition or annulled by final judgment under Art. 40 and 45
d.      Delivery of presumptive legitimes (Art. 51)
e.      Recording requirement (Art. 52)
f.        Effects on children (Art. 54)
g.       Name and surname (Art.371)

VI.               LEGAL SEPARATION
A.       Grounds (Art. 55)

B.      Defenses (Art. 56)
Cases: People vs. Sansano, 59 Phil. 73

C.      Prescriptive Period (Art. 57)

D.      Other requirements
a.       Steps towards reconciliation (Art. 58)
b.      Safeguards against collusion (Art. 60)
Contreras vs. Macaraeg, 33 SCRA 222

E.       Consequence of filing of petitions for legal separation
a.       Entitlement to live separately (Art. 61)
b.      Administration of absolute community/conjugal partnership property (Art. 61)
c.       Custody and support (Art. 62 and 49)

F.       Effects of decree
a.       Separate bed and board (Art. 63.1)
b.      Dissolution and liquidation of community property (Art. 63.2 and 43.2)
c.       Custody (Arts. 63.3 and 213)
d.      Effects on succession (Art. 63.4)
e.      Revocation of donations/insurance benefit (Art.64)
1.       Manner of revoking
2.       Prescriptive period
f.        Name and surname (Art. 372, CC)
Banez vs. Banez, 23 January 2003

G.     Reconciliation
a.       Joint manifestation (Art. 65)
b.      Consequences (Art. 66)
c.       Option to revive property regime (Art. 67)

VII.             RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE
A.       Personal obligation of spouses (Art. 68)

B.      Fixing of family domicile. (Art. 69)
C.      Joint responsibility of Support (Art. 70, compare with Art. 11 of CC; Art. 199-200)

D.      Household management. (Art. 71, compare with Art. 115 of CC)

E.       Exercise of Profession (Art. 73, compare with Art. 117, CC)
(See RA 7192, Women in Development & Nation-Building Act)

F.       Use of Surname (Art. 370, 373, 377, 378, CC)

G.     Relief (Art. 72)

VIII.           PROPERTY RELATIONS
A.      General Provisions, Marriage Settlements (Art. 74-81)

B.      Donations Proper Nuptials (Art. 82-87)
(Compare with Ordinary Donations, Art. 752-782, Tittle 3, Book 3 of CC)

C.      Absolute Community of Property
1.       General provisions (Art. 88-90)
2.       Community Property and Exclusions (Arts. 91-92)
3.       Charges and obligations (Art. 94-95)
4.       Administration and enjoyment (Art. 96)
5.       Disposition and Waivers (Art. 89, 77, 97-98)
6.       Liquidation (Art. 102-104)

D.      Conjugal  Partnership of Gains
1.       General provisions (105-108)
2.       Exclusive property (109-115)
3.       Conjugal Partnership Property (Arts. 116-120)
4.       Charges and Obligations (art. 121-123)
Cases: Javier vs. Osmena 34 Phil 336
Perez vs. Lantin 23 SCRA 637
DBP vs. Adil 161 SCRA 307
Ayala Investment vs. Ching 286 SCRA 273 (1998)
Carlos vs. Abelardo April 9, 2002
5.       Administration (Art. 124-125)
Cases: Felipe vs. Heirs of Maximo Aldon 120 SCRA 268
Tintigan vs. Tintigan 100 SCRA 619
Guiang vs. CA 291 SCRA 372
Relucio vs. Lopez 373 SCRA 578
Jader-Manalo vs. Camaisa 374 SCRA 498
6.       Dissolution (Art. 126-128)
7.       Liquidation (Art. 129-133)
Case: Santero vs. CFI of Cavite 153 SCRA 728

E.       Separation of Property and Administration of Common Property by One Spouse
1.       Judicial Separation (Art. 134-135)
 Cases: Garcia vs. Manzano 103 Phil 798
Partosa-Jo vs. CA 216 SCRA 692
De la Cruz vs. De la Cruz 22 SCRA 333
2.       Voluntary Separation (Art. 136)
Cases: Bernas 14 SCRA 327
Lacson vs. San Jose 24 SCRA 837
3.       Liquidation and Dissolution of Property (Art. 137 142)
4.       Sole Administration of other spouse’s property ( Art. 142)

F.       Regime of Separate Property (Art. 143-146)

G.     Property Regimes of Unions without Marriage (Art147-148)
Cases: Agapatay vs. Palang 276 SCRA 340
Yaptinchay vs. Torres 28 SCRA 489
Vda. De Conseguera vs. GSIS 27 SCRA 315
Valdes vs. RTC
Carino vs. Carino

IX.                THE FAMILY
A.       Members of a Family
1.       Nature (Art. 149-151; Art. 2035 CC)
Cases: Mendoza vs. CA 19 SCRA 756
Mendoza vs. Bionson 80 SCRA 82
Guerrero vs. RTC 229 SCRA 274
Hontiveros vs. RTC 309 SCRA 340 (1999)
2.       Support (Art. 195-208)
a.       Support (Art. 194)
b.      Persons obliged to give support (Art.195-196)
c.       Order of liability (Art.199)
d.      Properties liable for support (Art.197)
e.      Support pendent lite (Art.198, 203)
f.        Division and order in case of joint obligation (Art. 200)
g.       Amount, demandability, manner of fulfillment, adjustments (Art. 201-204, 208)
h.      Exemption from attachment, exception to the rules (Art. 205, 208)
i.         Support by third persons (Art. 206-207)
Cases: De Asis vs. Ca, 303 SCRA 176
Lim vs. Lim G.R. No. 163209, October 30, 2009
3.       Funerals (Art. 305-310, CC)

B.      The Family Home
Cases: Siari Valley Estates vs. Lucasan 97 Phil 987
Modequillo vs. Breva 185 SCRA 766
Taneo vs. CA 304 SCRA 308

X.                  PATERNITY AND FILIATION
A.       Kinds of filiations.  (Art. 163)
Cases: Perido vs. Perido 63 SCRA 97
Liyao vs. Liyao March 7, 2002

B.      Legitimate Children. (Art. 146)
1.       Impugning legitimacy
Cases: Andal vs. Macaraig 89 Phil 165
Jao vs. CA 152 SCRA 359
Macadangdang vs. CA 100 SCRA 73
Chua Keng Giap vs. TAC 166 SCRA 451
Republic vs. Labrador 305 SCRA 438
People vs. Tumimpad 235 SCRA 483
Benitez-Badua vs. CA 299 SCRA 468
Lumain de Aparicho vs. Paraguay 150 SCRA 279
2.       How to prove filiations’
Cases: Constantino vs. Mendez 209 SCRA 18
Mendoza vs. CA 201 SCRA 675
Heirs of R. Banas vs. Heirs of B. Banas 134 SCRA 260
Uyguanco vs. CA 178 SCRA 684
Mariategui vs. CA 205 SCRA 675
Acebedo vs. Arquero March 11, 2003
3.       Action to claim legitimacy
4.       Rights to legitimate children
Cases: Republic vs. CA 300 SCRA 1998
De Asis vs. CA 303 SCRA 176

C.      Illegitimate Children.
1.       Proof of filiations (Art. 175)
Cases: Leuterio vs. CA 197 SCRA 369
Uyguanco vs. CA
Aruego vs. Ca 254 SCRA 150
Jison vs. CA 286 SCRA 495
Alberto vs. CA 232 SCRA 745
2.       Rights of illegitimate children
RA 9255, amending Art. 176
RA 8972, Solo Parents Welfare Act
Cases: David vs. CA 250 SCRA 82
People vs. Namaya 246 SCRA 646
Mossesgeld vs. CA 300 SCRA 464
Republic vs. Abadilla 302 SCRA 358
Republic vs. Vicencio 300 SCRA 138
Gan vs. Reyes May 28, 2002
Tonog vs. Ca Feb. 7, 2002

D.      Legitimated Children. (Art. 177-182)
Cases: De los Santos vs. Luciano 60 Phil 328
Ramirez vs. Gmur 42 Phil 855

XI.                ADOPTION
A.      Domestic Adoption
(RA 8552 and its IRR, Procedural Rules on Adoption, AM No. 02-6-02-SC)
(RA 9523, An Act Requiring the Certification of the DSWD to Declare a Child Legally Available for Adoption as a Pre-requisite for Adoption Proceedings)
1.       Policies (Sec. 2)
Case: Republic vs. CA, Bobiles 205 SCRA 356
2.       Definition of terms (Sec. 3)
3.       Pre-adoption services (Sec. 4, 5, 6)
4.       Eligibility
a.       Who may adopt (Sec. 7)
b.      Who may be adopted (Sec. 8)
c.       Required consents (Sec. 9)
Cases: In re Adoption of Edwin Villa 21 SCRA 399
Republic vs. Toledano and Spouses Clave 233 SCRA 9
Republic vs. Miller 306 SCRA 183
5.       Procedures (Sec. 10, 11, 12, 15)
Cases: Lazatin vs. Campos 92 SCAR 250
Santos vs. Aranzanso 16 SCRA 344
DSWD vs. Belen 275 SCRA 645
6.       Decree of adoption (Sec. 13, 14)
a.       Effect on parental authority (Sec. 16)
b.      Legitimacy (Sec. 17)
c.       Succession (Sec.18)
Cases: Tamargo vs. CA SCRA 518
Sayson vs. CA 205 SCRA 321
Republic vs. Wong 209 SCRA 189
Republic vs. Hernandez 253 SCRA 509
7.       Rescission (Sec. 19, 20)
8.       Violations and penalties (Sec. 21, 22)
9.       Miscellaneous (Sec. 1, 23-28)

B.      Inter-Country Adoption
RA 8043, Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 and its IRR
Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect of Inter-Country Adoption

XII.              RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF PARENTS
A.       General Provisions (Art. 209-215)
(See RA 8972 (Solo Parents Welfare Act)
Cases: Dempsey vs. RTC 164 SCRA 384
Santos vs. CA 242 SCRA 407
Cang vs. CA 296 SCRA 128
David vs. CA 250 SCRA 82
Espiritu vs. CA 242 SCRA 362 (1995)
Perez vs. CA 255 SCRA 661 (1996)

B.      Substitute and Special Parental Authority (Art. 216-219)
Cases: Palisoc vs. Brillantes 41 SCRA 548
Amadora vs. CA 160 SCRA 315
St. Mary;s Academy vs. Carpitanos Jan. 23, 2000
Vancil vs. Belmes 358 SCRA 707

C.      Effects of Parental Authority (Art. 220-226)
Cases: Cabanas vs. Pilapil 58 SCRA 94
Libi vs. IAC 214 SCRA 816
Lindain vs. CA 212 SCRA 725
People vs. Silvano 309 SCRA 362

D.      Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority (Art. 225-235)
(See Sec. 5-10, 27-28, 31-c, RA 7610 Anti-Child Abuse Act)
Case: Chua vs. Cabangbang 27 SCRA 791
Abiera vs. Orin 8 Phil 193
Cortes vs. Castillo 41 Phil 466

E.       Summary Procedures (Art. 249-252)
(See RA 8369 Family Courts Act of 1997)

F.       Rights of Parents
Cases: Silva vs. CA and Gonzales 275 SCRA 604
London vs. BCC October 10, 2002

XIII.            RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CHILDREN
Arts. 356-364, 375-376, CC
Art. 129(a), 211, par. 2, 213, 226, FC
Arts. 3 and 4, P.D. 603


                                                                                    

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